Consolidating democracy in latin america

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Since gaining their independence at the beginning of the 19th century, the Latin American states have tried to establish democratic regimes.

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Alejandro Moreno is a professor of political science at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México and author of Political Cleavages: Issues, Parties, and the Consolidation of Democracy.In his useful classification of electoral regimes in Latin America, Peter Smith distinguishes among electoral democracies, electoral semi-democracies, oligarchic republicanism, and nondemocracies (see Smith 2005, cited under Explaining Transitions to Democracy).Between 19 there were only three electoral democracies that lasted between one and fourteen years: Argentina (1916–1929), Mexico (1911–1913), and Uruguay (1919–1933).Virtually all of the North Hemisphere has moved, in some measure, to embrace Democratic forms of government and tried to put in place market-oriented economic systems.The next challenge for Latin America is to strengthen and deepen the legitimacy of their new democratic systems.

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